Legal Status of Salvia divinorum in the United States

June 17, 2017 5:27 pm Published by

Legal status by state

RED Jurisdiction where salvia is illegal.
ORANGE Jurisdiction where salvia is decriminalised.
YELLOW Jurisdiction where salvia is legal with age restrictions.
BLUE Jurisdiction where salvia extracts are illegal but the plant itself is legal.
GREEN Jurisdiction where salvia is legal.

Legal Status of Salvia divinorum in the United States

StateBill ref.Proposed dateClassificationStatusProposerSalvinorin A included?Notes
AlabamaHB69722-Apr-2010Schedule IEnacted July 17, 2010Rep. James O. GordonYesSalvinorin A is misspelled as salvinorum A.
SB33027-Mar-2007not passed / diedSen. Hank ErwinYes
n/a18-Oct-2007not passed / diedSen. Roger Bedford & Rep. Johnny Mack Morrowunknown
AlaskaSB31305-Apr-2006Schedule IIAnot passed / diedSen. Gene TherriaultNo
SB3816-Jan-2007not passed / diedYes
SB5221-Jan-2009not passed / diedYes
ArkansasSB423March-2011Schedule IPassedYes
CaliforniaAB259[10]05-Feb-2007prohibit sale to minorsPassed – 22-Jul-2008Assembly Member Anthony AdamsNo, then YesProposed bill wording amended from original Schedule I prohibition to only prohibit sale to minors instead. – Passed. Came into effect on 01-Jan-2009.
Colorado11-13402-Jun-2011Class 2 MisdemeanorPassedColorado State SenateYesSee[11]
ConnecticutSB1098Jan-2011To be scheduledPassed – 6-Jul-2011“Many legislators, including Senator Boucher” HB6174Yes (“Salvinorum”)See. Also see
DelawareSB25916-Mar-2006Schedule IPassed – 02-May-2006Sen. Karen PetersonNoaka Brett’s law
FloridaSB340, SB1612 & HB13637-Feb-2008Schedule IPassed – 29-May-2008Sen. Evelyn J. Lynn & Rep. Mary BrandenburgYesPossession felony for up to 5 years in prison. Effective July 1, 2008
Hawaii2745 SD2March 2010Schedule IPassed –Gov. Linda LingleSalvia divinorum and its constituent salvinorin A permanently as a schedule I controlledsubstance as mandated by Section 329-11
GeorgiaHB10211-Jan-2010“dangerous drug”Passed – 01-July-2010Rep. John LunsfordYesAdds “Salvia divinorum A” to list of dangerous drugs. Allows for “possession, planting, cultivation, growing, or harvesting of Salvia divinorum A strictly for aesthetic, landscaping, or decorative purposes.”
IllinoisSB258919-Jan-2006Schedule Inot passed / sine dieSen. John J. MillnerNo
HB45726-Jan-2007Passed – 18-Aug-2007Rep. Dennis M. RebolettiNoSalvinorin A not mentioned, but bill wording incl. “any extract” from plant. Took effect 01-Jan-2008.
IndianaSB5705-Jan-2011Class A misdemeanorPassed – 01-July-2011Alting, Charbonneau, MillerYes
IowaHSB133 SSB105118-Jan-2007Schedule IpassedGovernor’s Office of Drug Control PolicyYes
SF510[18]29-Aug-2011Schedule IPassed – 29-Jul-2011Gov. Terry BranstadYesenacted after 30 days of passing
KansasSB48128-Jan-2008Schedule IPassed – 24-April-2008Sen. Peggy MastYesincl. any extract from any part, and every compound, manufacture, derivative, mixture or preparation of such plant, its seeds or extracts
KentuckySB10726-Jan-2010Schedule IPassed – 26-Apr-2010Sen. Brandon SmithYes
LouisianaHB2025-Feb-2005Schedule IPassed – 15-Aug-2005Rep. Michael G. StrainNoFirst State to ban Sd.
MaineLD66Dec-2006prohibit sale to minorsPassed – 15-May-2007Rep. Chris BarstowNo, then YesAmended – originally proposed ‘Schedule Z’ classification
MarylandSB 317 and HB 828-Jan-2009Schedule Iin committeeSenator Gladden and Delegates Haddaway and EckardtYesJohns Hopkins University has found a loophole that could stop the research they are doing.
MassachusettsHB443416-May-2007Class Cnot passed / diedRep. Viriato Manuel deMacedo and Rep. Daniel K. WebsterYes
HB2037 HB1336 HB178912-January-2009not passed / diedRep. Viriato Manuel deMacedo and Rep. Daniel K. WebsterYes
MichiganSB13731-Oct-2010Schedule IPassedYes
MinnesotaHF294914-Feb-2008Schedule IVnot passed / diedRep. Joe AtkinsNo
SB2668not passed / diedSen. Steve Murphy
HF 484Feb-2009Schedule Inot passed / diedRep. Morrie Lanning
SF0569not passed / diedSen. Bill Ingebrigtsen
HF2975Feb-2010Gross misdemeanornot passed / diedRep. Morrie Lanning
SF2773Passed – 18-May-2010Sen. Bill IngebrigtsenYes
MississippiSB245629-Jan-2008Schedule IPassed – 01-Jul-2008Sen.Hob BryanNo
MissouriHB16505-Jan-2005Schedule Inot passed / diedRep. Rachel L. BringerNo
HB63323-Feb-2005Passed – 28-Aug-2005Rep Scott A. Lipke
and Rep. Rachel L. Bringer
Yes
NebraskaLB84010-Jan-2008Schedule Inot passed / sine dieAttorney General Jon Bruning & Senator Vickie McDonaldYes
LB 12309-Jan-2009Passed – Feb 27, 2009Sen. Russ KarpisekYes
New JerseyA132308-Jan-2008Schedule IproposedAssemblywoman Linda StenderYes
S342611-Dec-2008Schedule IproposedSen. Stephen SweeneyYes
New YorkS1454-201318-Apr-2005prohibit salePassed – January 2012Sen. John J. FlanaganNofine of no more than $500 per violation
A89205-Jun-2007prohibit possessionproposedAssemblyman Carl HeastieNofine of no more than $50 per violation
S0773618-Mar-2008Schedule Iproposedno sponsor listedNoPossession- Class B Misdemeanor. Sale- Class A Misdemeanor
North CarolinaSB13811-Feb-2009Schedule IPassed Aug 6, 2009Sen. William R. Purcell, Sen. Stan Bingham et al.Yesapplies to all forms of Salvia divinorum
North DakotaSB231715-Jan-2007Schedule IPassed – 01-Aug-2007Sen. Dave Oehlke, Sen. Randell Christmann et al.No, then Yesbill refers to salvinorin A and “any of the active ingredients” of Salvia divinorum
OhioHB215May-2007Schedule IPassed – 06-Jan-2009Rep. Thom CollierYes
OklahomaHB248506-Mar-2006prohibit extractsPassed – 26-May-2006Rep. John NanceYesenhanced, concentrated, and chemically or physically altered
HB314823-May-2008Schedule IPassed – 23-May-2008Rep. David Derby and Sen. Jonathan Nicholsapplies to all forms of Salvia divinorum – law comes into effect 01-Nov-2008
OregonSB59222-Feb-2003Schedule Inot passed / diedSen. Richard Devlin and Sen. Ryan Deckert
HB348515-Mar-2003not passed / diedRep. Billy Dalto
HB249425-Jan-2007not passed / diedRep. John LimYes
PennsylvaniaHB265702-May-2006Schedule Inot passed / diedRep. James Casorio et al.Yes
SB121716-Jun-2006not passed / diedSen. Lisa Boscola et al.No
SB71029-Mar-2007proposedSen. Lisa Boscola et al.No
HB137929-May-2007proposedRep. Beyer et al.No
HB154718-Jun-2007proposedRep. James Casorio et al.Yes
SB1006Passed – 23-Jun-2011Yes
Rhode Island2014-H 7191, 2014-S 265110-Jun-2014Schedule IPassedRep. Arthur J. CorveseSen. Frank S. LombardiYesonly extracts are Schedule I; the “unaltered plant” is explicitly exempted
South CarolinaH468713-Feb-2008Schedule IPassed House / later diedRep. HugginsYes
South DakotaHB109020-Jan-2009Class 1 misdemeanor / Class 6 felonyPassed – 11-Mar-2009Rep. Chuck TurbivilleNopossession of less than 2 ounces a misdemeanor, 2 ounces or more a felony
TennesseeSB3247 /HB2909
/TCA 39-17-452
15-Feb-2006Class A misdemeanorPassed – 01-Jul-2006Rep. Park M. Strader, Sen. Tim BurchettYesnot an offense to possess, plant, cultivate, grow, orharvest Sd for aesthetic, landscaping, or decorative purposes
TexasHB234702-Mar-2007Penalty Group 2not passed / diedRep. Charles “Doc” AndersonYesPenalty Group 2 of the Texas Controlled Substances Act
HB378409-Mar-2007Penalty Group 3Rep. Tan ParkerYesPenalty Group 3 of the Texas Controlled Substances Act
SB1796prohibit sale to minorsSen. Craig EstesNoproposed concurrently to HB2347 and HB3784 above
HB12611-Nov-2008Penalty Group 3proposedRep. Charles “Doc” AndersonYesPenalty Group 3 of the Texas Controlled Substances Act
SB257prohibit sale to minorsSen. Craig EstesNoproposed concurrently to HB126 above
HB12414-Jun-2013Penalty Group 3Passed – 14-Jun-2013Representatives Anderson, Stephenson, Price, and FlynnYesAdded Salvia divinorum, unless unharvested and growing in its natural state, meaning all parts of that plant, whether growing or not, the seeds of that plant, an extract from a part of that plant, and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of that plant, its seeds, or extracts, including salvinorin A, to Penalty Group 3 of the Texas Controlled Substances Act.
UtahHB19018-Jan-2007Schedule Inot passed / diedRep. Paul RayNo, then Yes
HB26009-Jan-2008not passed / diedYes
HB27728-Jan-2009proposedYes
VirginiaHB284410-Jan-2007Schedule Inot passed / diedDelegate John M. O’Bannon, IIIonlyAny material, compound, mixture, or preparation, which contains any quantity of salvinorin A (another name: Divinorin A). – The plant Salvia divinorum was not mentioned
WisconsinAB18602-Apr-2009Fine not to exceed $10,000PassedRep. Cullen et al.onlyWisconsin banned manufacturing, distributing, or delivering salvinorin A the extraction. The law does not name Salvia divinorum the organic plant as a controlled statute, therefore the live, raw, or dried plant is still legal by law and not part of the ban under this statute.
WyomingHB4913-Feb-2006Schedule Inot passed / diedRep. Stephen WattNo
HB62Schedule IPassed – 1-Jul-2011OnlySalvinorin A is misspelled as “Salvinorum A”. Salvia divinorum is not specifically listed but the plant is covered by the law because it contains salvinorin A, which is specifically listed in the bill.

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This post was written by Todd Messick